Today is the 150th anniversary of the death of President Abraham Lincoln. He dies as a result of the injuries he sustained when he was shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theater. The assassination occurred less than a week after General Robert E. Lee surrendered, and although many conspiracies abound, Booth is widely believed to have been a Confederate sympathizer.
Lincoln is regarded, by nearly all measures – including mine, as one of the greatest of all American Presidents. He was a gifted politician who understood both principles and the necessity of compromise. The modern incarnations of both the Republican and Democratic Parties try to claim his legacy as their own – the Republicans because he was one, and the Democrats because his views were more progressive than conservative. In fact, they are probably both wrong – but more on Lincoln’s biography and views another day.
Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate — we can not consecrate — we can not hallow — this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion — that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain — that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom — and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.
November 19, 1863