In honor of the anniversary of Leo Tolstoy’s birth in 1828, I leave you with this thought of his from his 1895 work, Christianity and Patriotism:

“The government assures the people that they are in danger from the invasion of another nation, or from foes in their midst, and that the only way to escape this danger is by the slavish obedience of the people to their government. This fact is seen most prominently during revolutions and dictatorships, but it exists always and everywhere that the power of the government exists. Every government explains its existence, and justifies its deeds of violence, by the argument that if it did not exist the condition of things would be very much worse. After assuring the people of its danger the government subordinates it to control, and when in this condition compels it to attack some other nation. And thus the assurance of the government is corroborated in the eyes of the people, as to the danger of attack from other nations.”

Pax.

The Hudson River, looking north from the Walkway Over the Hudson, circa autumn 2014.

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